OTT stands for over-the-top, initially named in reference to devices that go “over” a cable box to give the user access to TV content. In OTT channels, content is delivered via an internet connection rather than through a traditional cable/broadcast provider.
OTT and video are intertwined, but they are not the same thing. OTT is just a different channel through which video content (and related display or video advertisements) is delivered to end users.
Video: Video content can be viewed across any device, including computers, mobile devices, televisions, OTT devices, and more.
OTT content: Content that comes from an OTT content provider (like Sling TV). OTT content can be viewed on multiple devices, including computers, mobile devices, OTT devices, and more.
OTT devices: Any device that is not desktop, laptop, or mobile but is used to consume OTT content. Examples include Smart TVs, Apple TVs, Chromecast, PlayStation, Xbox, Amazon Fire sticks, and other streaming devices.
Our blog post highlighting the growing threat of OTT ad fraud includes the additional information:
“OTT may be defined differently by the various partners involved in the delivery, advertising, and measurement streams. OTT, as defined by OTT content providers (e.g., Hulu, SlingTV, etc.), may include any users accessing OTT content via any device (desktop, mobile phone/tablet, OTT devices, etc.).
“However, OTT may also be defined strictly on the basis of the device used to access the content. Examples of OTT devices include Apple TV, Chromecast, Amazon Fire, Roku in addition to Smart TVs (Connected TVs) and gaming platforms (i.e., PlayStation, Xbox, etc.). How advertising inventory is measured/categorized depends on the partners involved in the respective OTT supply chain.
“An important point to note regarding OTT advertising is that although video advertising is most prominent in OTT channels, display advertising also occurs in OTT channels and on OTT devices.”
Over-the-top (OTT) video viewers: Individuals who watch video via any app or website that provides streaming video content and bypasses traditional distribution. Examples include HBO Now, Hulu, Netflix, Amazon Video, YouTube/YouTube Red and SlingTV.
Connected TV (CTV)/Internet Protocol TV (IPTV) users: Individuals who use TV sets connected to the internet through built-in internet connectivity (Smart TV) or through other devices with the functionality such as a set-top box (STB) devices (e.g., Apple TV, Google Chromecast, Amazon Fire, Roku), Blu-ray players or gaming consoles.
Linear OTT video service users: Users who subscribe to a service that delivers live TV channel bundles over the internet for a monthly subscription. Examples include Sling TV, DirecTV Now, Hulu with Live TV, YouTube TV and PlayStation Vue.
Common sub-categories of OTT/CTV users include:
Advertising-based video-on-demand (AVOD): Users access free-to-watch content which is then monetized through video advertising.
Subscription video-on-demand (SVOD) - or Subscription OTT: Users who have a paid subscription access to streaming video content.
Transactional based video-on-demand (TVOD): Users who have paid to access certain content through a pay-per-view (PPV) purchase model.
Disclaimer: The content of this blog reflects Pixalate’s opinions with respect to the factors that Pixalate believes can be useful to the digital media industry. Any proprietary data shared is grounded in Pixalate’s proprietary technology and analytics, which Pixalate is continuously evaluating and updating. Any references to outside sources should not be construed as endorsements. Pixalate’s opinions are just that - opinion, not facts or guarantees.
Per the MRC, “'Fraud' is not intended to represent fraud as defined in various laws, statutes and ordinances or as conventionally used in U.S. Court or other legal proceedings, but rather a custom definition strictly for advertising measurement purposes. Also per the MRC, “‘Invalid Traffic’ is defined generally as traffic that does not meet certain ad serving quality or completeness criteria, or otherwise does not represent legitimate ad traffic that should be included in measurement counts. Among the reasons why ad traffic may be deemed invalid is it is a result of non-human traffic (spiders, bots, etc.), or activity designed to produce fraudulent traffic.”